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Multiplex identification of drug-resistant Gram-positive pathogens using stuffer-free MLPA system

2018-05-17 14:39
Chung, B., Park, C., Cho, S. Y., Shin, S., Yim, S. H., Jung, G. Y., ... & Chung, Y. J. (2016). Multiplex identification of drug‐resistant Gram‐positive pathogens using stuffer‐free MLPA system. Electrophoresis.

IF(2015): 2.482


Early detection of pathogens from blood and identification of their drug resistance are essential for sepsis management. However, conventional culture-based methods require relatively longer time to identify drug-resistant pathogens, which delays therapeutic decisions. For precise multiplex detection of drug-resistant Gram-positive pathogens, we developed a method by using stuffer-free multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) coupled with high-resolution CE single-strand conformation polymorphisms (CE-SSCP) system. We designed three probe sets for genes specific to Gram-positive species (Staphylococcus aureus: nuc, Enterococcus faecium: sodA, and Streptococcus pneumoniae: lytA) and two sets for genes associated with drug resistance (mecA and vanA) to discriminate major Gram-positive pathogens with the resistance. A total of 94 different strains (34 reference strains and 60 clinical isolates) were used to validate this method and strain-specific peaks were successfully observed for all the strains. To improve sensitivity of the method, a target-specific preamplification step was introduced and, consequently, the sensitivity increased from 10 pg to 100 fg. We also reduced a total assay time to 8 h by optimizing hybridization time without compromising test sensitivity. Taken together, our multiplex detection system can improve detection of drug-resistant Gram-positive pathogens from sepsis patients’ blood