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Development of reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays for point-of-care testing of avian influenza

작성자
pmrc
작성일
2021-11-01 11:10
조회
145
Zhang, S., Shin, J., Shin, S., & Chung, Y. J. (2020). Development of reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays for point-of-care testing of avian influenza virus subtype H5 and H9. Genomics Inform, 18(4), e40.

DOI: 10.5808/GI.2020.18.4.e40

Abstract

Avian influenza (AIV) outbreaks can induce fatal human pulmonary infections in addition to economic losses to the poultry industry. In this study, we aimed to develop a rapid and sensitive point-of-care AIV test using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technology. We designed three sets of reverse transcription LAMP (RT-LAMP) primers targeting the matrix (M) and hemagglutinin (HA) genes of the H5 and H9 subtypes. RT-LAMP targeting the universal M gene was designed to screen for the presence of AIV and RT-LAMP assays targeting H5-HA and H9-HA were designed to discriminate between the H5 and H9 subtypes. All three RT-LAMP assays showed specific amplification results without nonspecific reactions. In terms of sensitivity, the detection limits of our RT-LAMP assays were 100 to 1,000 RNA copies per reaction, which were 10 times more sensitive than the detection limits of the reference reverse‒transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) (1,000 to 10,000 RNA copies per reaction). The reaction time of our RT-LAMP assays was less than 30 min, which was approximately four times quicker than that of conventional RT-PCR. Altogether, these assays successfully detected the existence of AIV and discriminated between the H5 or H9 subtypes with higher sensitivity and less time than the conventional RT-PCR assay.

Keywords: avian influenza virus, H5 subtype, H9 subtype, RT-LAMP