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Single Cell Gene Transcriptome Analysis of Ovarian Mature Teratoma

2021-11-01 11:37
Shin, S., Choi, Y. J., Jung, S. H., Chung, Y. J., & Lee, S. H. (2021). Single Cell Gene Transcriptome Analysis of Ovarian Mature Teratomas. Pathol Oncol Res, 27, 604228.

Doi: 10.3389/pore.2021.604228


Teratoma is a type of germ cell tumor that originates from totipotential germ cells that are present in gonads, which can differentiate into any of the cell types found in adult tissues. Ovarian teratomas are usually mature cystic teratomas (OMCTs, also known as dermoid cysts). Chromosome studies in OMCTs show that the chromosomes are uniformly homozygous with karyotype of 46, XX, indicating that they may be parthenogenic tumors that arise from a single ovum after thefirst meiotic division. However, the tissues in OMCTs have been known to be morphologically and immunophenotypically identical to the orthotopic tissues. Currently, expression profiles of tissue components in OMCTs are not known. To identify whether OMCT tissues are expressionally similar to or different from the orthotopic tissues, we adopted single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq), and analyzed transcriptomes of individual cells in heterogenous tissues of two OMCTs. We found that transcriptome profiles of the OMCTs at single cell level were not significantly different from those of normal cells in orthotopic locations. The present data suggest that parthenogeneticlly altered OMCTs may not alter expression profiles of inrivirual tissue components in OMCTs.

Keywords: teratoma, expression profile, single cell, ovarian tumor, transcriptome